“Home remedies may hold promise in the prophylaxis and cure of COVID-19 infection”. This is the conclusion from a classic study of home remedies as an immediate alternative or first line of action against Covid-19 by many Africans. A study by Dr. Orish E. Orisakwe of the Dept of Experimental Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria and colleagues.
In the authors’ own words; the WHO declared the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) now known as COVID-19 a pandemic. Amidst uncertainty both in the pathophysiology and the management of COVID-19, many African countries in the face of either over-stretched or non-existent healthcare infrastructure resorted to home remedies as immediate alternative or first line of action.
The study was a synoptic capture of these home remedies with an attempt to understand the pharmacological basis on which these choices are predicated.
Data for the study was compiled from google, newspapers, magazines, different social media namely: facebook, twitter, whatsapp, testimonies of survivors through radios and televisions gathered from February-May 2020 with stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria. Such as; sources that emphasized hospital treatment with orthodox medicines were excluded. Claims without dates and verifiable locations and identities were also excluded. Suspected postings by herbalists and traditional medical practitioners TMPs which could be viewed as promotional adverts were excluded.
The authors identified natural spices (turmeric, ginger, garlic etc.) and leaves (neem, paw, guava, etc.) with notable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties as being found to be beneficial and as such; these home remedies may hold promise in the prophylaxis and cure of COVID-19 infection.